Difference between revisions of "Perfect (mathematics)"

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(New page: ===In group theory=== Perfect group: A group that equals its own commutator subgroup. ===In topology=== Perfect space: A topolo...)
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Revision as of 01:45, 13 May 2008

In group theory

Perfect group: A group that equals its own commutator subgroup.

In topology

Perfect space: A topological space where every point is closed, and is an intersection of countably many open subsets containing it.

Perfectly normal space: A normal space where every closed subset is an intersection of countably many open subsets containing it.

Perfect set: A set in a metric space that has no isolated points.

In number theory

Perfect power, for instance, perfect square or perfect cube: A perfect power is an integer that occurs as the power of an integer.

Perfect number: A natural number that equals the sum of all its proper divisors.

In field theory

Perfect field: A field that either has characteristic zero, or has and is a surjective map.

In graph theory

Perfect graph: A graph with the property that for every induced subgraph, the chromatic number equals the clique number.

Perfect matching: A matching in a bipartite graph such that every element on one side gets matched to exactly one element on the other side.